Sigmund Freud: 5 Lectures about Psychoanalysis
Are humans part of nature or opposed to it? Is civilization always in conflict with the nature of things, is the destruction of the natural environment an inevitable consequence of progress as certain modes of apocalyptic thought imply or is it possible to reconcile the interests of humans and other species? In "Radical Pastoral? How is one to dwell in this paradoxical space? What to do and how to speak in order to avoid the ecological disaster?
The purpose of the seminar is to teach the students to locate literature in a larger political context: to see it as one among many discourses which effectively shape our human reality. Buell, Lawrence. New York, Blackwell: Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring London: Penguin, Coupe, Laurence, ed. New York: Routledge, Culler, Jonathan. On Deconstruction. Cornell University Press, DeLillo, Don. White Noise. Derrida, Jacques.
Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Eric Prenowitz. Psychoanaliza i Literatura. Fink, Bruce. Princeton University Press, Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. James Strachey. New York: Liveright, Interpretation of Dreams. Brill, Wordsworth Classics, The Uncanny. David Mclintock, intr.
Hugh Haughton. Penguin, UK, Gay, Peter.
The Freud Reader. The Dominion of the Dead. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, Harraway, Donna. Sandra Kemp and Judith Squires. New York: HarperPerennial, Irigaray, Luce. This Sex Which is not One. Catherine Porter. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Lacan, Jacques, Ecrits.
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Bruce Fink. This is the self avowedly constructed by networked computer technology, as described by Mark Poster:. The old modern agent worked with machines on natural materials to form commodities, lived near other workers and kin in urban communities, walked to work or traveled by public transport, and read newspapers but engaged as a communicator mostly in face--to--face relations.
The new postmodern agent works mostly on symbols using computers, lives in isolation from other workers and kin, travels to work by car, and receives news and entertainment from television. Individuals who have this experience do not stand outside the world of objects, observing, exercising rational faculties and maintaining a stable character. The individuals constituted by the new modes of information are immersed and dispersed in textualised practices where grounds are less important than moves.
They nevertheless could be internally coherent, each endowed with its own characteristic phenomenal content and behavioral profile. Operating under different self--models in different situational contexts may be biologically as well as socially adaptive. Don't we all to some extent use multiple personalities to cope efficiently with different parts of our lives?
What I believe remains at issue about his account is that it exchanges one form of externally constituted self 'fixed identity' for another that produced by the 'modes of information' , and therefore remains locked in a logic of deterministic constitution. There is a parallel here with Altieri's point about Derrida's inability to escape representation.
Furthermore, theorists like Poster may be too quickly generalising from the experience of adults in 'textualised environments'.
Until such time as human beings are born directly into virtual reality environments, each will, for a formative period of time, experience the world in the way described by Bakhtin — through 'a unified perception of bodily and personal being. I suggest it is very unlikely that this emergent sense of being can ever be completely erased even when people subsequently encounter each other in electronic networked environments. Indeed, my review has made all the more apparent how far from being settled the question of consciousness, and by extension the question of selfhood, remains.
Even the classical notion of the homunculus the 'little inner man' or the 'ghost in the machine' has been put back into play with Francis Crick and Christof Koch's neurobiological conception of the 'unconscious homunculus'. The balance of contemporary evidence and argument suggests that the best thing to do right now is to keep the questions open against any form of reductionism — whether social or biological.
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One way to do this is to explore the notions of self and consciousness as implicated in ongoing processes of complex co--adaptation between biology and culture -- or their individual level equivalents, brain and mind Taylor Ch. Bakhtin in Morris 6 2 Recent investigations in neuroscience and the philosophy of mind lay down a challenge to this social conception of the self.
Metzinger 6 The question that nonetheless arises is why it should be concluded that this self--model emerges from subjective neural activity and not, say, from socialisation. This indeed is close to the case that Charles Shepherdson makes for psychoanalysis in attempting to retrieve it from the misunderstanding under which it suffers today: We are now familiar with debates between those who seek to demonstrate the biological foundations of consciousness and sexuality, and those who argue for the cultural construction of subjectivity, insisting that human life has no automatically natural form, but is always decisively shaped by contingent historical conditions.
The further fact that anorexia is more common among women of the same family than in the general population, and among women rather than men, but in neither case exclusively so, thereby tending to rule out a genetic factor, allows Shepherdson to argue: [A]norexia can be understood in terms of the mother--daughter relation: it is thus a symbolic inheritance, a particular relation to the 'symbolic order', that is transmitted from one generation to another. This is the self avowedly constructed by networked computer technology, as described by Mark Poster: [W]hat has occurred in the advanced industrial societies with increasing rapidity.
References Altieri, C. Richard Allen and Malcolm Turvey. New York: Routledge, Bourdieu, P. Matthew Adamson. Stanford: Stanford University Press, Crick, F. Thomas Metzinger.https://ai-quattro-canti-oberstdorf.de/components/30.php
Vital Signs: Nature Culture Psychoanalysis
Cambridge, Mass. Deleuze, G. Sean Hand. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Metzinger, T. Morris, P. London: Edward Arnold, Mowitt, J. Text: The Genealogy of an Interdisciplinary Object. Durham: Duke University Press, Poster, M. New York: Columbia University Press, Shepherdson, C.
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- Vital Signs: Nature, culture, psychoanalysis. by Charles Shepherdson!
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Vital Signs: Nature, Culture, Psychoanalysis. Taylor, M. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Citation reference for this article Substitute your date of access for Dn Month Year etc